Shatkarma

Six types of Practices

Purify Physical Body

Expel Toxins

Balance Tridosha

Induce Healing Capacity

Prepare for Higher Practices

Mechanism of Shankha prakshalanA

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INTRODUCTION

Basically, Shankha Prakshalana is a yogic cleaning practice for gastro intestinal tract. It means cleansing from mouth to anus. This practice purifies gastro intestinal tract within merely 1 to 1 and half hour completely. Which provides amazing experience and result to any practitioner within limited time span.


Now the question; what is Shankha Prakshalana ? Indeed Maharshi Gheranda explained about this practice in Gheranda Samhita. Literal meaning of shankha is "conch"; the word shankha is intended to represent and describe the intestines with their cavernous and coiled shape. And prakshalana means "to wash completely". Means Completely  washing the intestines. For this purpose; we use lukewarm saline water and five asanas.


Finally we can say that this is a wholesome purging technique for Gastrointestinal Tract with the help of lukewarm saline water and a precise series of Asana. And one more thing; without using any kind of medication & without any side effects.

SERIES OF 5 ASANAS ?

For this practice; first of all a practitioner has to drink  lukewarm saline water up to 250 ml and then practice tadasana, tiryak tadasana, katichakrasana, tiryak bhujangasana and udarakarshan respectively and each practice 8-8 times. This will be single round. Like this series practitioner has to repeat till 5 to 6 rounds for shankha prakshalana.

 

Now the questions; WHY LUKEWARM SALINE WATER ? You know; due to salt, intestines does not absorb water rapidly. And water streams onwards smoothly. And due to lukewarm; stagnant stool, mucus and foodstuffs used to soak properly as well as remove frequently.


Now the question is WHY TADASANA FIRST ? Because tadasana opens the pyloric sphincter muscle which is a valve of stomach that used to control the flow between stomach and small intestine. As it opens due to tadasana at that moment water enters into the small intestine. 


After tadasana we do TIRYAKTADASNA because our intestine configuration is  like cavernous; like coiled shape. Hence for passing water onwards tiryaktadasana contracts both sides of intestinal layers repeatedly, then water enters into the intestinal layers easily.


Third asana is KATICHAKRASANA. It  twists whole smooth muscles of intestine. Due to pressure induced by twisting in katichakrasana water passes downward readily. 


Fourth asana of shankh prakshalana is TIRYAKBHUJANGASANA. It opens the ileocecal sphincter muscle that is a valve which separates the small intestine and large intestine. It limits the backflow of large intestine contents into small intestine also. By tiryakbhujangasana, that ileocecal valve opens and saline water enters into large intestine.


Fifth and last asana of shankha prakshalana series is UDARAKARSHAN. It squeezes intestine; due to that effect contraction & relaxation occurs.


And finally stagnant stool and mucus are eliminated along with saline water from gastrointestinal tract.

SHANKHA PRAKSHALANA MODE OF ACTION ?

HOW DOES SHANKHA PRAKSHALANA ENCOURAGES GOOD BOWEL MOVEMENT ? 

Since this practice washes whole intestinal tract completely. Hence peristalsis movement becomes normal. Actually peristalsis movement is a progressive wavelike contractions in intestinal tract which helps to pass food stuffs forwards. Thereby it encourages good bowel movement.


HOW DOES SHANKHA PRAKSHALANA REDUCES BILE POOL AND CHOLESTEROL ? 

By this practice, Duodenum which is the first part of small intestine where bile comes from gallbladder and mix with food for digestion. Due to good bowel movement; duodenum digests food properly. And digested food passes forward easily from duodenum. Thereby no any obstruction occurs in duodenum. So bile acid pool used to be empty from gallbladder as per need easily. Therefore bile acid pool reduces. Since cholesterol is the main ingredient for bile. Therefore Cholesterol used to consume for bile formation frequently. Thus level of cholesterol reduces also.


HOW DOES SHANKHA PRAKSHALANA INCREASE HAMOGLOBIN ? 

Since it eliminates the stagnant mucous. Sometimes stagnant mucous prohibits absorption of ferrous ion and works as ferritin curtain. In that state iron quantity often reduces in the body. By this practice ferritin curtain removes and absorption of ferrous ion  increases in the body and By this way level of iron increases in body and formation of hemoglobin increases.


HOW DOES SHANKHA PRAKSHALANA CONTROL STRESS ? 

Due to complete evacuation; our gastro intestinal tract state becomes like a new born baby gastro intestinal tract. In that state multifarious hormonal balance takes place for homeostasis. Thereby it gives the balancing effect on hormones and induces parasympathetic dominance also.


Since it purifies gastro intestinal tract naturally. As we know that digestive system is the foundation of physical body. If physical body eventually get easiness then mental body also becomes normal. By this way  practitioner repose and relax at physical and mental level; whole body is rejuvenated at holistic level. Thus it provides metamorphosis means transformation which used to promote holistic health in life.

Mechanism OF VAMAN DHAUTI

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INTRODUCTION

Vaman dhauti is a purification technique of yoga for thoracic region. By vaman dhauti, the contents from the stomach are expelled by strong muscular contraction of thoracic & abdominal region. It is explained by maharshi gherand in gherand samhita. It is a voluntary vomiting process which purifies stomach and thoracic region and flush out the impurities of stomach from mouth. By this way it gives result very soon and amazing experience.

PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTION DURING VAMAN

Due to intake of lukewarm saline water & gently rubbing the root of the tongue with the fingers; vomiting reflex induces. As vomiting triggers through vagus nerve from medulla oblongata which is connected to stomach.


Thereafter, with a deep breath hyoid bone and larynx are raised by pulling the upper esophageal sphincter to open. Closing of glottis to prevent vomitus flow into the lungs; Lifting of the soft palate to close the posterior nares.


Finally a strong downward con­traction of the diaphragm along with simultaneous con­traction of all the abdominal wall muscles, which squeezes the stomach between the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles, building the intra gastric pressure to a high level. Finally, the lower esophageal sphincter relaxes completely, allowing expulsion of the gastric contents upward through the esophagus.

VAMAN DHAUTI MODE OF ACTION ?

HOW DOES VAMAN DHAUTI ERADICATE INDIGESTION, GASTRITIS, AND HYPERACIDITY ?

Due to Salt; water does not absorb by stomach wall because salt create osmotic pressure. On the other hand squeezing effect of the stomach removes undigested food which used to lie in the bottom of the stomach. In this way it eradicates indigestion. Increased acid in gastric juices causes inflammation in the lining of stomach leading to gastritis. Vomiting of gastric contents alone would cause loss of acid and a tendency toward alkalosis which alleviates hyperacidity as well as gastritis.


HOW DOES VAMAN DHAUTI CONTROL WEIGHT ?

As this is voluntary vomiting in which vomiting reflex is generated purposively i.e. mastery over vomiting reflex helps in delaying the gastric emptying time. The control over the outlet of the stomach causes to empty the stomach contents into the small intestines in a slow & controlled manner. which reduces hunger followed by reducing weight.


HOW DOES IT ALLEVIATES LOSS OF APPETITES ? 

Alleviates loss of appetite. Voluntary vomiting induces homeostasis of the body and excess mucous is eliminated from stomach which alleviates loss of appetite.


HOW DOES VAMAN DHAUTI CONTROL ASTHMA ?

During voluntary vomiting  strong downward contraction of diaphragm occurs, then vacuum generates between the outside of lungs and enclosure. In order to fill the vacuum; the lungs automatically expand. In this way air is drawn into the lungs and inhalation takes place. Similarly when the ribs contract & diaphragm moves upwards due to release of muscular contraction the lungs are squeezed and pushes air out of lungs. This forceful expulsion of air removes the mucous and coughs from trachea and lungs and relaxes the respiratory tract. Therefore it provides high relief to the asthma patients.


Expulsion of water from the stomach simultaneously stimulates the  nervous reflex action in the lungs which expels mucous secretions from bronchial tubes. This helps in removing the blockages in respiratory passages of the lungs making the breathe easier and eradicates nasal congestion.


HOW DOES VAMAN DHAUTI LOWERS HYPERTENSION ?

Lowers hypertension: hypertension is psycho-physiological state of increased stress which leads to abnormal physiological state like high blood pressure. A hormone called serotonin which helps to regulates the mood is secretes from enterochromaffin cells of G.I tract, where it is used to regulate intestinal movements and mainly controls intestinal motility. Due to psycho-somatic abnormalities like acidity, indigestion, less bowel movement; release of serotonin from the gut decreases which causes low serotonin level in blood leading to high blood pressure. Vaman Dhauti eradicates gastro-intestinal abnormalities and normalizes the serotonin level which lowers the blood pressure and hypertension.


HOW DOES IT CONTROL STRESS AND SLEEP APNEA ?

Due to strong vomiting reflex, vacuum generates in thorax region. , cures the sleep apnea as well as activates the Parasympathetic Nervous System.Due to the accumulation of excess mucus in the esophagus and bronchioles, negative intrathoracic pressure creates, resulting in intermittent airway obstruction as the intrathoracic pressure decreases. This induces transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation along with reduced esophageal clearance mechanisms. Vomiting clears this mucous and opens a wider way for breathing.

mechanism of agnisar

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INTRODUCTION

Agnisar Kriya is an effective process which induces the digestive fire. It means; this practice is competent for rejuvenation of digestive organs. In this process; after retention of breathe outside; vigorous contraction and relaxation of the abdominal muscle including abdominal organs occurs. It is a yogic technique which is a part of Shatkarma meant for stimulating, strengthening and regulating the digestive  processes.

AGNISAR MODE OF ACTION

HOW AGNISAR WORKS FOR DIGESTIVE SYSTEM ?

Due vigorous contraction and relaxation in the abdominal region along with intestinal canal; stagnant food and stool used to remove from gastrointestinal tract frequently.


When stagnant food and stool removes then assimilation of food induces. Assimilation involves digestion of food in intestine and absorption of nutrients into the body from intestines. Assimilation is occurring in every cell of the body to help develop new cells.


Intense contraction and relaxation provokes pressure on the abdominal organs, strengthens the muscles and encourages proper functioning of abdominal organs. This improves the appropriate secretion of digestive juices. Thereby it induces digestive fire which empowers the assimilation process of nutrients from ingested food.


Improper functioning to digestive system disturbs metabolism of the body. Since major metabolism processes accomplish by digestive system. When metabolism occurs properly at digestive level then whole body gets proper nutrients for accomplishment of catabolism and anabolism. Hence Agnisar increase the metabolic rate also.


HOW DOES IT CURES GYNAECOLOGICAL SYSTEM ?

Since Agnisar relieves digestive disorders and digestive system is proximal to gynecological system.  That’s why when digestive disorders especially constipation and gastric relieves then back pain and abdominal cramps relieves spontaneously which used to increase during menstrual cycle. Because gastric induce abdominal cramps and constipation induce back pain.


Basically menstrual cycle has two process. First; wounding means break down of endometrium layers from uterus wall which used to come out as bleeding form. Second process; healing means after break down of endometrium layers that area has to heal promptly. Healing occurs properly when sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals is available in body. When gastric and constipation relieves then availability of vitamins and minerals used to increase in body. Due to sufficient amount of minerals and vitamins minimizes heavy bleeding and induces healing process promptly. Finally menstrual disorder which is known as dysmenorrhea cures in which abdominal cramps, back pain along with heavy bleeding occurs.

mechanism of JAL NETI

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INTRODUCTION

Jala Neti is a yogic cleansing practice; in which water flows from one nostril to another nostril ;that purifies the internal nasal cavities. This in turn, help to alleviate cough, cold, throat infections, sinusitis, headaches etc. which directly and indirectly affects the visceral organs like brain as well as major nerves of the body.

JAL NETI MODE OF ACTION

HOW JAL NETI WORKS ON UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT ?

Sinuses and Eustachian tubes are the connectors of the nose to eyes, throat and ears. Jala Neti induces high relief to the problems like sinusitis, eye disorders, throat infections and middle ear infections.


When lukewarm saline water flows through one nostril to another nostril; it passes through the air filled mucous lined cavities called sinuses Due to osmotic pressure of lukewarm saline water; water doesn't absorb in the nasal cavity ; it drains out the accumulated  stagnant mucous, bacteria filled dirt from the sinus cavities; Thus Jala Neti relieves from sinusitis.


Eyes lies between two bony cavities called orbits; which are surrounded by the sinuses. Because of the proximity of the eye's orbit to the sinuses, this is a primary route for the spread of infection and inflammation between the eye and the sinus that leads to eye disorders like watery eyes; dry eyes, inflammation in eyes etc. Jala Neti clears the nasal blockage and removes the mucous from sinus and cures the eye disorders also.


Eustachian tubes are the mucous lined small passage, that connects the back part of the throat and nose to the middle ear, where eardrum is located. Due to blocked nose, or thick mucus that develops during a cold or other infections; the Eustachian tube blocked, inflamed and swollen, which propels the mucous towards the throat that cause throat ailments like sore throat, dry cough etc. Jala Neti drains out the mucous from nose and Eustachian tubes which easily help to get rid of throat ailments


Eustachian tubes are normally closed but opens when we swallow, yawn or chewto circulate air throughout the middle ear, propelling the mucous flow out and equalizing its air pressure to the pressure in the back of  throat. Blocked Eustachian tubes cannot circulate air or drain mucus which leads to middle ear infections like glue ear. Jala Neti cleans the mucosal bacteria and clears the path of Eustachian tubes which equalizes the pressure on either sides of the ear drum. In this way Jala Neti cures the middle ear problems also.


HOW JAL NETI DIRECTLY AFFECTS NERVOUS SYSTEM ?

First point; Migraine headache. It occurs due to the prolonged emotional tension, inflammation and swelling in the sinus cavities; resulting in constriction of the blood vessels of the skull region; Jala Neti drains out the mucous from the sinus cavities and dilates the blood vessels. In this way it cures Migraine headache.


Second point; Sleep Apnea. It is a disorder in which obstruction in breath occurs during sleep; due to sympathetic nervous system dominance in the muscles that control breathing. Jala Neti stimulates the respiratory control center at the base of brain by clearing the upper respiratory tract as well as induces parasympathetic dominance.  By this way; it relieves from sleep apnea.

Jala Neti directly stimulates sinuses. Sinuses stimulates the cavernous sinus, cavernous sinus induce the hypothalamus, hypothalamus regulates pituitary glands secretion and there by all other endocrine glands. In this way Jala Neti stimulates these glands and regulates the autonomic nervous system functions of the human body.


Hypertension is psycho-physiological state of increased stress which leads to elevation of blood pressure. Due to severe stress; body's sympathetic nervous system is activated resulting in constriction of blood vessels etc. Jala Neti activates parasympathetic dominance which reduces hypertension.